Texting while driving, cell phone use, and otherwise being distracted behind the wheel can result in injury or death. In 2011, over 3,000 people died on American roadways in crashes that involved distracted driving. Distracted driving can take many forms. It applies to anything that takes your eyes off the road for more than two seconds, takes your hands off the steering wheel, or interrupts your concentration while driving.
Effective January 1, 2010, it is illegal for a person regardless of age, to use a wireless telephone at any time while operating a motor vehicle in a speed zone, in a construction or maintenance speed zone unless there is an emergency situation or the driver is using the device in voice-activated mode.
Effective January 1, 2014, it is illegal for a person to operate a motor vehicle on a roadway while using an electronic communication device (wireless telephone, personal digital assistant, or a portable or mobile computer while being used for the purpose of composing, reading, or sending an electronic message) to compose, send, or read an electronic message. The law does not apply when a driver is using the device in an emergency situation, a driver is using the device in hands-free mode, a driver parked on the shoulder of a roadway, or a driver stopped in obstructed traffic if the vehicle is in neutral or park.